(Read to the tune of "Rage Against the Machine : Killing in the Name")
1) I would defeat SQL Injection. This would be a multi-phased plan focusing on programmer tools and programmer training. The main use of any Federal funding I could secure would be to build the worlds best open source SQL Escaping library so legacy code could be retrofitted.
2) I would lobby the Fed's to create a new branch of the military. ARMY - NAVY - AIRFORCE - CYBERFORCE - MARINES. The problem is that big, and we are losing the game.
3) I would take copious notes from day 1. This is a thankless job with heaps of responsibility and absolutely no power. Might as well get a good book deal out of the experience.